欧宝体育

斗牛游戏平台 冰凌-欧宝体育APP水务局

欧宝体育

斗牛游戏平台 冰凌-欧宝体育APP水务局

欧宝体育

冰凌


bingling(ice run) shuizailingsheshiduhuodiyulingsheshidushi,ningjiechengdegutichengweibing。liudongdebingchengweiling。youshibing、lingtongyong,meiyouyangequbie。

dangqiwendiyuheliuzhongdeshuiwenshi,shuitikaishishire。dangqiwenjixuxiajiang,shuiwendadaoheshaodiyulingsheshidushi,heliukaishizaianbianheshuineijiebing。heliujiebingshizaidongshuizhongjiebing,yuhubojiebingbutong。hushuijiebingjinxianyushuitibiaomian,shencengshuitirengbaochigaoyulingsheshidudewendu。heliuyouyushuiliudewenluanhunhezuoyong,shuitishirejihushizhenggeshuititongshijinxing。suoyi,heliubujinzaishuidebiaomianxingchengbobingheanbing,erqiezaishuinei、hedixingchengshuineibing。

heliubingqingdeyanbianguocheng  anzhaobingliangdezengjian,kefenweichengbing、rongbinglianggejieduan。congkaishijiebingdaozuidabinghouchuxian,chengweichengbingjieduan;bingcongkaishixiaorongzhizhichunjiheliuzhongliubingzhongzhi,chengweirongbingjieduan。anzhaobingdexingtaibianhua,kefenjiebing、fengdong、jiedong3geshiqi。congheliukaishijiebingridaobinghua、bingkuailiudongtingzhiri,chengweijiebingqi;congliubingtingzhiridaobinggairongjiekaishiri,chengweifengdongqi;congbinggaixiaorongkaishiliudongridaoliubingzhongzhiri,chengweijiedongqi。zhuyaobinglingzhuangtaiheyaosuruxia: (1)bingsong。piaofuyushuimianchengxizhenzhuanghuojibopianzhuangdebingjing,zailiudongzhongchangjujichengsongsandexiaopianhuoxiaotuan。(2)weibing。duozaianbianchuxiandetoumingyisuidebobing。(3)anbing。yanheandongjiedebingdai。yinxingchengdeshijianhetiaojianbutong,youfenchushenganbing、gudinganbing、chongjianbing、zaishenganbinghecanyuanbingdengxingshi。(4)binghua。fuyushuimianhuoshuizhongdeshuineibing、mianbinghebingxiedeng。(5)liubinghua。binghuasuishuiliuliudongdexianxiang。(6)liubing。bingkuaihuojianyoushaoliangbingsong、binghuadengsuishuiliuliudongdexianxiang。(7)shuineibing。zaishuimianyixiarenhebuweicunzaidebing。(8)shumidu。ceyanheduannei,bingkuaiyubinghuadepingmianmianjiyuchanglushuimianmianjidebizhi。(9)changlushuimiankuan。ceyanduanmianshang,gudinganbingyiwaideziyoushuimiankuandu。(10)binggai。hengkualianganfugaishuimiandegudingbingceng。(11)fengdongjifengdongriqi。ceyanheduanneichuxianbinggai,qiechanglushuimianmianjixiaoyuheduanzongmianjide20%shiweifengdong。qikaishichuxianderiqi,weifengdongriqi。(12)bingshangxueshen。bingmianshangweishouraodongdejixuehoudu。(13)cengbingcengshui。bingcengzhongyangjiayoushuiceng。(14)maobing。shuimianyixiadongjieyuhedihuojianzhuwushangdebing。(15)qinggou。fengdongqijian,heliuzhongweidongjiedexiachangshuigou。(16)liandidong。congshuimiandaohediquanduanmiandongjiechengbing。(17)bingsai。binggaixiamianyindaliangbinghuaduiji,zusailebufenguoshuiduanmian,zaochengshangyoushuiweiyonggaodexianxiang。(18)bingba。zaiheliudeqiantan、kakouhuowandaodengchu,hengkuaduanmianbingmingxianyonggaoshuiweidebingkuaiduijiti。(19)anbianrongbing。fengdongbingcengzianbianfashengmingxianronghua,chuxianbingshangjishuihuochanglushuimiandexianxiang。(20)binghuadong。zhengpianhuobeifenliedefengdongbingcengshunliuhuadongyiduanjulihou,youtingzhibudongdexianxiang。(21)jiedongjijiedongriqi。ceyanheduannei,yiwubinggai,huochanglushuimianmianjiyichaoguoheduanzongmianjiwei20%shiweijiedong。qikaishifashengderiqiweijiedongriqi。zaijiaochangheduanneiyoushangxiaguantongchanglushuimianzhe,suchengkaihe。(22)canbingduiji。chunjijiedonghou,yanhelianganduijidebingkuai。(23)bingqi。heliuzhongchuxianbingqingxianxiangdezhenggeshiqi。(24)fengdongqi。heliuzhongchuxianfengdongxianxiangdezhenggeshiqi。

youyudixingdimaodechayi,heliuxingtaijishuiliangbianhuabuyi。yinci,bingfeisuoyouheliudouhuichuxianshangshudebingqingyanbianguocheng。piru,zaihuanghexiayou,youdenianfenlengkongqihuodongpinfan,zailingsheshidushangxiabianfuyida,yigedongjikeyouduocifengdong、jiedongguocheng。youruhuangheshangyoumouxieheduanjixinjiangbufenheliu,hedaohendou,shuiliutuanji,dongjizhiyouliubingerbufengdong。

yingxiangheliubingqingbianhuadeyinsu  datishangkeguinaweireli、dongli、hedaotezheng3gefangmian。(1)reliyinsu: diyizhongqingkuangshishuitidedaoreliang,rutaiyangzhijiefushehesanshefushe,dixiashuijiarudereliang,shuiliuyundongchanshengdereliang。dierzhongqingkuangshishishuitishiqudereliang,rushuimianhuobingmiandeyouxiaonifushe。disanzhongqingkuangshizaiyidingtiaojianxiashishuitidere,zailingyizhongtiaojianxiashishuitishire,ruzhengfashishire,ningjieshidere;jiangxueshishire,jiangyushidere;daqiyushuiliuderejiaohuan;hechuangyushuiliuderejiaohuandeng。duiyuyigeheduan,danweishijianneishuitizongreliangdebianhua,kelieshuitireliangpinghengfangchengshijinxingjisuan。yibanqingkuangxia,zaichengbingjieduan,shuiliuweishireguocheng,zairongbingjieduan,shuiliuweidereguocheng。(2)dongliyinsu: zhuyaobaokuoshuiwei、liuliang、liusu、fengxiang、fengsujibolangdeng。zaifengdongqi,tongyangderelitiaojianxia,ruguoliuliangda、liusukuai、shunliufangxiangdefengsuda,zeshuiliudeshubingnengliqiang,bingkuaihennanjingzhixialai,jiunengtuichifengdongriqishenzhibufengdong;fanzhi,zerongyifengdong。zairongbingqi,tongyangderelitiaojianxia,ruguoliuliangda、liusukuai、zhangchada、shunliufangxiangdefengliqiang,zerongyixingcheng“wukaihe”;fanzhi,zerongyixingcheng“wenkaihe”。(3)hedaotezheng: zhuyaobaokuodiliweizhi、heliuzouxiangjihedaobianjietiaojiandeng。zaitongyangrelihedonglitiaojianxia,youxieheduanxianfengdong,youxieheduanhoufengdong,youxieheduanrongyixingchengbingsai、bingba,youxieheduanzeburongyixingchengbingsai、bingba。yibanlaishuo,zaidouwan、duowanchujishatanjiaoduochu,xiankaishifengdong,jiedongshiyerongyixingchengbingba。

putongbingdeyixiexingzhi  (1)shuidejiejingqianrehuobingderongjieqianrewei80cal/g(=335j/g);(2)chunbingzailingsheshiduheyigebiaozhundaqiyadetiaojianxia,miduwei0.91689kemeilifanglimi(changqu0.917);(3)zailingsheshiduhe1013.25hpa(=1 atm)detiaojianxia,bingdexianpengzhangxishuwei52.7x10(-6)k(-1);tijipengzhangxishuwei120x10(-6)k(-1);(4)birewei2.06j/g.k;(5)daorexishuyibanwei21mw/(cm.k);(6)qiangdushouwendu、bingjiegou、jiahesudujishiyanfangfayingxiangjiaoda,shangwugongrendejisuangongshiheshuju。kangyaqiangdufanweizai0.3~5.5mpa/cm(2);kangjianqiangduyueweikangyaqiangdude1/2;kangwanqiangduyueweikangyaqiangdude1/5。

laiyuan: zhongguoshuilibaikequanshu/di1juan/111ye/1990.12/shuilidianlichubanshe。(wangwencai lijiuchang)

斗牛游戏平台 冰凌-欧宝体育APP水务局

欧宝体育